Tran Quoc Pagoda


History 
The construction of the pagoda started in 541 and was completed in 545 under the reign of King Ly Nam De (544-548) under its original name of Khai Quoc (National Founder). It was initially built on the bank of the Red River (then West Lake and the Red River met).Tran Quoc Pagoda

Until the early 17th century, under the reign of King Le Kinh Tong (1600-1618), the pagoda was moved to the Kim Ngu (Golden Fish) Islet due to the river bank crumbling and was renamed Tran Quoc (National Defence). 

A cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism – intricate architecture 

You might ask yourself why among a number of beautiful pagodas in Hanoi, Tran Quoc should be visited. The reason derives from the fact that it is considered a cultural symbol of Vietnamese Buddhism partly for it is the oldest pagoda and situated in the center of the capital of Vietnam. More importantly, unlike other ordinary pagodas, Tran Quoc Pagoda was built in a very intricate way. Behind the worshipping shrine is the Buddhist trinity followed by corridors, ten shrines and the belfry. Inside the pagoda, there are many valuable statues, such as the red lac statue trimmed with gold of Sakyamouni Buddha’s Parinirvana, which is a masterpiece of Vietnamese sculptural art, and lots of ancient stele, one of which was made in 1639 by Doctoral lau- Nguyen Xuan Chinh, recording the Pagoda’s history. 

No one who has visited this significant pagoda of Hanoi does not take interest in its special and intricate style of architecture dated centuries ago. Please come here to feel it yourself! 

 

A nice tranquil backdrop 
It must be said that the island and pagoda provide a beautiful backdrop, particularly when viewed at sunset. Standing at one end of Thanh Nien Road, one can see the towers of the pagoda rising above the lake’s surface. In the pagoda’s garden stands a Bồ Đề (Bodhi) tree, which is attached to a past story. The story tells that in 1959, on his visit to Vietnam, Indian Prime Minister Razendia Prasat offered the Pagoda a bodhi tree as a gift. The plant was grafted from the holy bodhi tree where Sakyamuni sat in zen (meditation) position and achieved enlightenment in India 25 centuries ago. Now the bodhi tree is easily recognizable from its heart-shaped leaves, taken from a cutting of its original tree. Today, the tree green and luxuriant, shading over part of the pagoda’s yard.
These days, Tran Quoc Pagoda, as a religious relic with a spectacular ­surrounding scenery, is a favourite stop-over of so many foreign visitors and pilgrims.

A pagoda is the general term in the English language for a tiered tower with multiple eaves common in China, Japan, Korea, Nepal and other parts of Asia. Most pagodas were built to have a religious function. The modern pagoda is an evolution of the Indian stupa, a tomb-like structure where sacred relics could be kept safe and venerated.

The most exciting fact about the pagoda is that the earliest example in the Oxford English Dictionary of the use of the word pagoda in English is from 1634. Pagoda – comes from Sanskrit “dhatu garba”. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi is one such piece of architecture.

 

Fast Facts about Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi
Island in West Lake, Hanoi
Contact no. of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi: no phone
Open Hours at Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi: 11a.m.-11:30a.m. and 1:30p.m.-6p.m.
Monday-Saturday, 7a.m.-6p.m. Sunday and holidays.

 

Features of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi
Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi is the oldest pagoda constructed in the sixth century during the reign of Emperor Ly Nam De. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was supposedly founded 1,400 years ago by King Ly Nam De with the name Khai Quoc (National Founder). At first it was built outside the Yen Phu Dyke and the move to West Lake. Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was then named Khai Quoc, meaning “founding the country.” It has been named An Quoc, Tran Quoc and Tran Bac. With architecture harmonious with nature, the pagoda complements the beautiful scenery around the lake. One of the present statues inside Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi was fashioned in 1639.

 

The features of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi include:
A bodhi tree is situated in the gardens of the Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi. It was taken from a cutting of the original tree, under which Buddha sat and achieved enlightenment.
The island and pagoda provide a beautiful backdrop, particularly when viewed at sunset.
Visitors must be decently attired and long trousers are required for men.

The existing building of Tran Quoc Pagoda in Hanoi originated from the last repair work done in 1815, including the triple gate, the main pagoda, the sitting room, the ancestral worshipping chamber the garden tower

Tran Quoc Pagoda

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